A certificate of origin is a document that verifies a product's country of origin. It states where the product was produced, manufactured or processed. It's usually required by a country's customs authority as part of the clearance process when importing.
If you're shipping internationally, you may need to get a certificate of origin (COO) for the goods you're sending.
A COO is often required when the country of origin needs to be known for economic, political or environmental reasons, like if there are import quotas, a boycott or anti-dumping measures in place.
If you're shipping between countries that share a trade agreement, a COO proves to the customs authorities that the goods are eligible for reduced import duties or taxes.
Some animal and plant products subject to the CITES agreement also require a certificate of origin.
Check with your local chamber of commerce.
You can apply for one at your local chamber of commerce — bear in mind, that you will need one per every shipment sent.
In some countries you can apply for a COO directly online. In other countries you fill in a standard certificate of origin form and submit it to your local chamber of commerce to be stamped and approved.
Since applying for a certificate of origin can be complicated, to save time you can get a representative, such as a freight forwarder, to apply for you.
And bear in mind that some countries require the certificate to be legally approved by an embassy or ministry of foreign affairs, which can take more time.
There are two kinds of certificate of origin:
This means the goods don’t qualify for any special treatment in the country they’re from. It’s only used to state the origin of your goods.
This is for shipments between countries with a trade agreement and proves the goods qualify for reduced import duties.
A COO can be required by any country for any product, so it's important to check with your local chamber of commerce if it's necessary.
Some international trade relationships that commonly require a certificate of origin are: